Design for Manufacturability (DFM) is the proactive process of designing a part to meet the specifications of the chosen manufacturing process used to produce that part. No longer can a product engineer design a part for fit and function only. Product Engineers are also expected to understand the manufacturing process and incorporate those parameters into their design to ensure good part production.
Ignoring design for manufacturability can have disastrous consequences. By the time a product concept gets through the design phase and into the testing/prototyping phase, up to 80% of the budget for that product has been committed. The material costs have been identified, the tooling costs are known and any assembly costs are also worked into the budget by then. And once it has been committed, it is very expensive to turn back to change the design.